Capital gains tax (KapESt): How much? Allowance, GmbH, Shares & Law

Capital gains tax – Most legal forms of business are subject to tax. Depending on the legal form, income tax, corporate income tax, sales tax, trade tax and/or capital gains tax are due by law. Under certain circumstances, it is possible for some companies to be exempt from one or more of these types of tax. What percentage is capital gains tax? What is the capital gains tax exemption amount? When is capital gains tax payable? How much is capital gains tax? An overview! Back to: Taxes.

Capital gains tax (KapESt) – tax on profit distribution

Tax law provides that – in addition to the income tax of any natural person with shareholder status – capital gains tax is levied on all natural persons resident in Germany who benefit from a distribution of profits. As a result, the recipient – but not the corporation – is burdened. The capital gains tax burdens both the profit income of shareholders of a GmbH and the distribution of dividends to shareholders of a stock corporation.

Other taxes for businesses:

If you want to learn more specifically about taxes for real estate companies, you can learn more here:

Capital gains tax in detail – collection, levy & special cases

For the sake of simplicity, 25 percent of the dividend is withheld directly by the AG for share holders, similar to the way regular employers withhold wage tax (LSt) for their taxable employees. Capital gains tax – abbreviated to KESt, KapESt, KapErtSt or KapSt – is a special form of income tax levied here: Once the tax burden has been withheld, the income tax is deemed to have been paid and the income does not have to be declared in more detail – at least insofar as no other type of income applies or the special tax rate applies.

If, on the other hand, the registered office of a shareholder is abroad, the so-called withholding tax comes into effect and the provisions of the double taxation agreement (DTA) of the respective country must be taken into account. The final withholding tax is also levied on shares held as private assets within Germany.

Allowance for single persons & partners

The banks grant different options so that taxpayers can use tax-free amounts for themselves and, if necessary, distribute them. The so-called saver’s allowance is generally available to everyone and currently amounts to €801 per year for single persons and double that amount for spouses and registered partners: €1,602. The first euro above the exemption limit and all subsequent amounts are taxed as usual at 25 percent.

Which companies are subject to capital gains tax?

Most natural persons are subject to income tax. If they are also shareholders in a corporation – for example, a limited liability company (GmbH) or a stock corporation (AG) – capital gains tax also applies in many cases. The capital gains tax is also commonly referred to as the flat rate withholding tax (Abgeltungsteuer) and primarily taxes dividends and interest income at a flat rate of 25 percent. Usually, the tax office is informed automatically by the banks, similar to the way an employer pays the wage tax for his employees.

Overview of company law forms

You can find more information about the different legal forms under the following links. Starting with the sole proprietorship and the registered traders… to the various partnerships and corporations… to other companies such as the family foundation – all the essential aspects of formation, liability, tax burden and more explained simply and understandably! First of all, an overview of the individual legal forms of companies:

Taxes in Germany: List

Corporation tax (KSt), income tax (ESt), capital gains tax (KapESt), turnover tax (USt), trade tax (GewSt) – who pays what? In this overview of the different types of taxes / tax forms in Germany, you will find relevant taxes for you as an individual and for your company, depending on which legal form you have chosen. In addition, after the tax list: How does the tax cycle work around monthly financial statements, annual financial statements and balance sheets? A little insight for those starting their first company. What taxes are there? Simple explanations, definitions, tax optimization, an insight into taxes.